The Zoetrope (180 AD; 1834)
Was invented in China 180 AD by the inventor Ting Huan, but was then reproduced in 1834 by William George Horner and is now known as the modern zoetrope. The invention worked by placing a series of images inside a cylinder with slits, the viewer would then spin the cylinder and look into one of the slits, which creates the illusion of a moving image.
Was invented in 1834 and is credited to three possible inventors; Charles Babbage, Peter Roget, and John Ayrton Paris. The invention worked by having an image on either side of a circular disc, which was attached to a piece of sting. Once the string was twisted in between a person fingers, the piece of card span round which created the illusion of an image combing together.
Flip Book (1868)
Was patented in 1868 by a John Barnes Linnet. The invention worked by having a series of pictures which ran one after the other in time, the pictures where then flicked through at a high speed which created the illusion of movement within the images.
Was invented by French scientist Charles-Émile Reynaud, it simply was a more sophisticated version of the zoetrope. It used the exact same mechanics of animation as the zoetrope, but instead of viewing the animation through slits in the side of a cylinder, the viewer would see the animation through a series of mirrors within the cylinder.